forward. the steps are mainly cuts to pensions, cuts to -- retirement age will go from 65 to 67, and there will be cuts to the health services. looking forward, basically, we have three weeks of meetings that will involve the troika, eu finance ministers, and an eu summit on october 18 before the measures will be brought to the greek parliament to be voted on. >> the european union's permit bailout fund, the esm, has cleared its final hurdle. the german president has signed the bill ratifying the fund. it will become law on october 8. ratification was delayed because of a challenge before the constitutional court, but in its ruling, the court did uphold the fund, but it placed limits on germany's contributions. it also strengthened the right of parliament to receive controversial information on the esm.